Swiss Army ane ini asli atau replica atau palsu?
Pertanyaan diatas kerap ditanyakan oleh pemilik jam Swiss army yang ternyata banyak di Indonesia ini..
Yup, jam swiss army memang mudah di dapatkan di mall-mall , di ITC atau bahkan pedagang jam di pasar juga banyak menjual jam swiss army ini.
Tapi seperti apakah jam swiss army yang mereka jual itu? Asli atau palsu atau replica?
Coba mulai dari definisi ASLI : jam tangan dikatakan asli jika yang mempunyai merk adalah memang pemegang merk dagang dan juga sejarah yang asli. Dalam hal ini Victorinox adalah pemegang merk Swiss Army yang sebenarnya.
Website: http://www.victorinox.com atau www.swissarmy.com
After working as a journeyman in Paris and in the southern German town of Tuttlingen, Karl Elsener opens his own cutlers business in Ibach-Schwyz. The energy for running the grinding and polishing machines is supplied by a waterwheel driven by the Tobelbach stream.
The Swiss Army is supplied with soldiers' knives for the first time.
On June 12, the Swiss Officer's and Sports Knife is patented.
In order to distinguish it from copies, the company founder decides to use the cross and shield, the current Victorinox emblem, on all pocket knives from then on.
Following the death of his mother, the company founder chooses her first name Victoria as the name of the company.
Stainless steel is invented (also known as inox for short). By combining inox with Victoria, the new brand Victorinox is created.
The company Brown Boveri sets up the worlds first all-electric hardening plant for Victorinox.
After the Second World War, the PX stores of the U.S. Army, Marines and Air Force sell large numbers of the Swiss Officers Knife to their officers and soldiers. The Americans call it Swiss Army Knife for short. This term is adopted in all English-speaking countries.
Some of the household and professional knives are manufactured in a new 5-story building.
The largest expansion to date sees an increase in manufacturing, office and storage space from 11,000 to 27,000 m². A staff of 730 generates sales in excess of 65 million Swiss francs.
The Swiss Army Watches are launched on the U.S. market with great success.
The first Victorinox sales branch is founded in Japan. In subsequent years, other subsidiaries are opened in Mexico, Brazil, Poland, Hong Kong/China, Vietnam and Chile.
In order to strengthen the Victorinox brand and to broaden its appeal, a Travel Gear line is developed. It is manufactured under license according to strict quality guidelines.
The founding of Victorinox Watch SA in Bonfol results in an expansion of the Timepieces department.
The Victorinox Foundation is established. Its stated objective is to provide job security in the long term and to ensure financial independence.
A leisure and business clothing collection is designed for the North American market. It wins over customers by offering the same high-quality standards as the Swiss Army Knife.
All five Victorinox product categories (pocket tools, household and professional knives, timepieces, travel gear and fashion) are for the first time presented together in a flagship store in Soho, New York.
Victorinox becomes the sole shareholder of Swiss Army Brands Inc. in the U.S. Its sales therefore exceed CHF 400m for the first time.
The takeover of Wenger SA, Delémont/JU, a knife manufacturer since 1893 and also a supplier to the Swiss Army, is intended to ensure the ongoing development of the Swiss Army Knife and its Swiss production site.
The watch factory is relocated to Porrentruy.
Relaunch of Victorinox Swiss Army Fragrances under the Victorinox emblem.
Victorinox founds the company Victorinox Swiss Army Fragrance AG at its head office. The former Wenger perfume line is repositioned and branded with the Victorinox emblem.
Victorinox opens its first European flagship store in New Bond Street, London.
Victorinox has a global workforce of over 1,700 and generates sales of about 500m Swiss francs.
Sementara untuk Wenger khusus jam tangan dari dulu bukan pemilik merk swiss army tapi swiss military (kalau pisau memang sama2 swiss army dgn victorinox) . Dan baca sejarah diatas, Wenger sudah diambil oleh Victorinox sejak 2005. jadi baik Wenger swiss military atau Victorinox Swiss Army adalah jam tangan swiss army/military yang asli dari sejarahnya yang pernah mensuplai alat kebutuhan militer tentara Swiss dan benar2 di buat di swiss dengan kualitas standar swiss.
Wenger - 100 Years of Quality
The Swiss Army is one of the strongest in Europe. It is a tough, well-trained professional fighting force so formidable that it has kept the country from being invaded through two World Wars. Every able-bodied Swiss male is required to serve and remains in the army as a reservist until age 50. As a condition of preparedness, each soldier is provided with the most advanced technology and simplest a folding pocketknife.
Accessory to the Rifle
It dates back to 1886 when the Swiss Army decided to equip every soldier with a regulation single-blade folding knife. In 1889, a new rifle was introduced. To disassemble the rifle, a screwdriver was needed. So a decision was made to create a multi-purpose tool incorporating a knife, screwdriver, reamer and can-opener The Swiss Army Knife. At that time, the cutlery industry in Switzerland was well established but incapable of mass production. So the knives were made in Solingen, Germany. However, a Swiss cutler soon established a knife manufacturing company, today Victorinox, and began to make army knives.
Shortly after in 1893 at Courtetelle in the Delémont valley, the second industrial cutlery manufacturer of Switzerland, Paul Boechat & Cie and the future Wenger received a contract from the Swiss Army to produce knives. In 1895, a group of entrepreneurs from Delémont bought Boechat and built a new plant at Courtetelle. About two years later, Theodore Wenger was hired to be its General Manager. The son of a pastor, Theodore Wenger was a minister who had served in the USA. He decided this calling was not for him and his Swiss wife was homesick, so he returned to Switzerland. There he learned the world of business in his father-in-laws cloth trade. After a few years, he applied for a job at Courtetelle. One of Wengers first acts was to acquire a manufacturer of spoons and forks, which he moved to a rented factory in Delémont. Then in 1900, he built a new 18,000 square foot facility there. Both the utensil operations and the Courtetelle cutlery production were incorporated into the new plant now called Fabrique Suisse de Courtetelle at Services. A few years later, Wenger acquired Fabrique Suisse, renamed it Wenger et Cie. and shepherded its growth for the next forty years.
The Compromise of 1908
The company from which Wenger emerged had been a supplier to the Swiss Army as early as 1893, and its sister-company, Victorinox, since 1890. Wenger is in the French-speaking Jura region and its competitor is in the German-speaking canton of Schwyz. To avoid friction between the two cantons, the Swiss Government decided in 1908 to use each supplier for half of its requirements. So Victorinox can lay claim to being the original, Wenger can state its Swiss Army Knives are genuine. In any case, both have been manufacturing Swiss Army Knives for over 100 years and both must meet identical specifications defined by the Swiss Army.
Khusus untuk jam tangan merk dagang Swiss Army sekarang sudah di protek oleh Victorinox , sehingga kemunculan Swiss Army dari merk lain akan dapat berakibat tuntutan hukum (kecuali di negara2 asia dimana barang tiruan/replica banyak di jumpai dan sulit dituntut).
Sementara merk datang Swiss Military belum di protek oleh Wenger, sehingga ada merk lain yang memamfaatkannya Seperti:
Hanowa Swiss Military (http://www.hanowa.ch/ )
Walau sama2 buatan swiss, tapi terlihat sekali baru tahun 1990 hanowa menggunakan nama Swiss Millitary untuk memamfaatkannya sebagai nama yang cukup menjual dipasaran jam tangan. Sejarah Hanowa juga tidak berhubungan sama sekali dengan pemasok barang ke tentara Swiss atau tentara/militer Negara lain.
Hans Noll arrives in Biel, Switzerland, to take over the European sales management for a mid-sized watch factory.
Hans leaves the group with aspirations to establish his own watch-making company with his wife, Elisabeth Noll. Without the resources to purchase an established brand, HANOWA is launched, created from the letters in Hans Noll Watches.
The brand establishes a reputation for exceptional watch making, including ring watches, pendant watches, clip watches and more.
The precision and skill of Hanowa leads to a focus on the production of sports, performance and lifestyle watches. Out of this, the Swiss Military brand is born.
Hanowa celebrates its 45th Anniversary.
SWISS MILITARY HANOWA has grown into a powerful watch brand with global recognition, reflecting a sporty, sophisticated lifestyle that adheres to a philosophy grounded in finding value and elegance at a reasonable price point.
sumber : kaskus
sumber foto : http://www.swissmilitary.ch/